What is Infertility?
It is the condition in which a couple has sexual intercourse regularly for 12 months but cannot conceive. It is defined as primary infertility if they have not conceived before and secondary infertility if they have previously conceived whether it results in a live birth or not.
The number of infertile couples has increased nowadays due to factors like stressful living conditions, unnatural diet, and smoking. 1 out of 6-7 married couples cannot have children and resort to external assistance.
Infertility can be caused by either the male or female, but in some cases, pregnancy still cannot be achieved despite neither of the couple having any significant problems.
What is required for a couple to have children?
- The female needs to have regular ovulation
- The fallopian tubes of the woman need to catch the eggs when they are ovulated
- To couple have to engage in intercourse during ovulation
- The man’s sperm count and sperm mobility and shape need to be suitable for pregnancy
- The sperms need to be able to enter the cervix during intercourse
- The sperms travel to the fallopian tubes
- The eggs and sperms must join and form an embryo in the fallopian tube
- The embryo moves to the womb a few days later
- The womb must be in a compatible shape with the correct hormonal levels to allow the womb to accept the embryo, as well as for the baby in the womb to be in a good condition and to not have any genetic disorders.
What is tested in couples who are going to receive infertility treatment?
The aim of infertility treatment is to find out whether the couple has any disorders which might prevent them from having children and to treat these disorders.
Generally, the treatment starts after tests are completed covering three major factors.
- The existence of eggs and ovulation: It is believed that women who have regular menstruation have ovulation.
- Sperm count and shape must be appropriate to conceive.
- There should be no obstruction or disorders in the path that would prevent the egg and sperms from being joined
What are the stages of infertility treatment?
Treatments that aid infertility generally have four stages.
- The first stage is to stimulate the ovaries or to monitor the egg development during spontaneous (natural) cycles.
- The third stage is the insemination of the eggs with the sperms.
Is infertility treatment difficult?
Today, infertility treatment is performed via transvaginal ultrasound or via general anaesthesia or topical anaesthesia and the patient is generally allowed to go home 2 days after the treatment. Advanced medicine technologies, the ease of use of medication, the mildness of the pain in the injection area and minimal reactions make this treatment very easy.