Egg freezing is where the egg or eggs taken from the female’s ovaries are frozen for future use.
Eggs are the female reproductive cell and they are the largest cell in the body. Eggs are produced in the ovaries and are then taken to the uterus through the fallopian tubes. Every female produces 1 egg per month. If the egg has not been inseminated by a sperm that month, then the egg is removed from the body through menstruation.
One of the greatest obstacles preventing women having children is a greatly reduced egg reserve due to age and loss of egg quality. One out of 1,000 women in the world under the age of 30 is under the threat of early menopause. In menopause, the egg production stops completely.
The egg freezing procedure has become a routine procedure in the last 5 years due to technical advances and the fast freezing technique called vitrification, which can freeze embryos.
Who is Egg Freezing Applicable For?
- The egg freezing application is specifically used for; Those who have delayed having children for professional reasons and have reduced fertility due to their age resulting in social indications such as anxiety,
- Making the synchronisation easier between the donor and the receiver in the donation treatments.
- Increasing the potential for treatment success for couples who cannot produce enough eggs, by obtaining a certain amount of egg cells for use in the fertilisation procedure.
- This method is chosen to protect fertility before having chemotherapy/radiotherapy for individuals who have been diagnosed with cancer.
How is the Egg Freezing Procedure Applied?
Before the application, a drug treatment called ovulation induction is conducted in order to help increase the number of eggs that develop. The eggs that are matured with this medical treatment, which is applied for other IVF procedures, are collected under general anaesthesia. The matured and quality egg cells are then separated and are filled with the vitrification technique. The time between the medical treatment and collecting the eggs is 10-15 days.
Research shows that there is no serious increase of anomalies between pregnancies obtained through vitrified eggs and natural pregnancies.